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                Questions of enterprise informatization: ERP is outdated?
                From: Date:5/20/2011 

                ERP obsolete due to great enthusiasm into ERP technology research, development, implementation, the 863/CIMS theme developed for ERP software function components and product standards, ERP software metrics when ERP out on the pitch. Enterprise Manager of enthusiastic preparation for ERP, who listened to the lecture five ERP, has decided not to do. Because the more he more confused, what on Earth is ERP,ERP are obsolete? he need to reflect on and wait. United States Gartner Group put forward the ERPII to replace ERP; some companies propose economic alliance resource planning URP, declared to end ERP; Apps EAS have been raised, said that ERP is obsolete; RTE made real-time enterprise sth Do not go into here. These if just under a different name for the company product code number, others justified.  

                But as a concept used to negate the ERP is open to question. ERP not outdated manufacturing management information system has evolved from the inventory management (Inventory Control), material requirements planning MRP (Material Requirement Planning), manufacturing resource planning MRPII (Manufacturing Resource Planning), enterprise resource planning ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) course of development. It is with the development of management technology, computer and network technologies evolve. 20 years ago ordering point of inventory management system established by the law (Order Point), economic order quantity (Economic Order Quantity) model, management remains a good way for part material so far, regardless of their products today called ERP II, collaborative commerce is also CC, they still retain these algorithms and management model. Material requirements planning MRP established in BOM BOM, MRP algorithm still remain in every ERP software package. Despite the advanced planning and scheduling system in the later (Advanced Planning Scheduling), but due to poor algorithm validation and practical application of, universal application so far is MRP. Although there are JIT JIT, but it is still to be combined with the MRP application, still is an important module of ERP MRP. Manufacturing resource planning MRP II, which is United States Chairman of the Institute of production and inventory control, renowned production management expert aoliefu. White (Oliver Wight) proposed in 1977, and he founded the Publishing House has published several times a MRP ⅱ standards system, defines functional, logical and algorithm of MRP ⅱ, it becomes a reference model for many ERP vendors.

                Early 90 's by the Gartner Group companies to the enterprise resource planning ERP, ERP was defined as 1) based on MRP ⅱ, but with integrated functions beyond its scope, can provide comprehensive solutions for enterprises (including quality, transport, tools, human resources, distribution, after-sales service, laboratory management, project management and formulation). 2) hybrid production ERP support and different types of manufacturing environments, such as high-volume water, more variety and minor batch, single piece production of three kinds of production types.

                For stock production, assemble-to-order, Build-to-order, engineer-to-order four manufacturing environment.   3) ERP is an enterprise-oriented supply chain management system, for effective management of all aspects of the supply chain (users, distributors, manufacturers, outsourcing vendor, supplier, and so on). 4) ERP goes beyond MRP ⅱ on the physical environment, such as graphical user interfaces, relational database, the fourth generation computer language, development of computer aided software engineering tools, client/server architecture, and the openness and portability.   From the traditional centralized systems to the development of distributed network systems. Whether it is ERP MRP ⅱ they manufacturer provides sales, production, procurement, after-sales service throughout the supply chain logistics, capital flow, information flow and business flow on scientific management mode, it is manufacturing enterprise needs an accurate reflection of, not make up a story, or imposed. So far, we haven't found them which one component is now completely wrong and useless.   ERP is not obsolete. Problem on the naming of ERP, ERP is too much of the computer technology in the definition of ERP, it is a historical mistake. ERP software development platforms, development tools, and all software, always accompanied by development of computer and network communication technology and development. From the host system to the development of client/server/Terminal to browse/server today, and development tools from COBOL, c, PB and VB to JAVA, in order to apply the latest technological achievements, people want to continue to rewrite or upgrade your software, it is an indisputable fact. But we cannot increase because management and development platform of change and constantly modify the name, it would be endless. Represents a name of the category technology cannot content increases and technology developments and frequent changes of name.

                CAD, starting from the day of the birth regardless of the technical and functional changes still called CAD, did this is not very good! ERP is always evolving to keep pace with social and science and technology, new management mode of the knowledge economy and management methods are emerging: Agile manufacturing, virtual manufacturing, sophisticated production, e-commerce, customer relationship management, supply chain management, business intelligence, collaborative commerce, now proposed business process management (Business Process Management), enterprise performance management (Enterprise Performance Management) sth List.

                ERP must advance with the times, constantly adding new content to meet the new requirements.    ERP software development platforms, development tools must be made with the development of computer and network communication technology and development of, in line with new technologies of the Internet and collaborative business applications. ERP can go beyond manufacturing Gartner Group recently proposed the concept of ERP II: "the ERP II through support and optimize the company's internal operation and collaboration between companies and financial processes, to create customer and shareholder value of a business strategy and a set of specific areas of industry-oriented applications. By 2005, the company published in the interests of the community need for accurate information about collaborative business process, leading ERP II replaced the ERP as within and between companies to improve the efficiency of the main method. "Gartner Group also proposed a definition of ERPII framework shown in the following figure: ERPII ERPII stressed that the framework of the definition of collaborative commerce, emphasizing integration between enterprise, more functional, with the latest computer technology, I fully agree, we have been moving in this direction ERP products. But that is no need to modify the name. ERP II for all industry it is very undesirable. ERP manufacturing management information system, he was designed for manufacturing of a comprehensive set of management methods. Left has "manufacturing" this boundary, all of management mode, and method, and process, and standard are cannot on up, industry so of widely, manufacturing, and Bank, and tax, and railway, and civil aviation sth sth, also has what model and method can statements does? playing a example, we research raising cattle technology, we defined what is cattle, how feeding, how used latest technology constantly improve beef of yield and quality. Today we say that we have to study biology, then we would have been good to study genetic engineering. Leaving the industry management, it is to study the basic disciplines of management information system. Also don't need what is the ERP, ERP II ... 

                We don't see a system for automobile manufacture enterprise and banking, tax system and what are the similarities. Relationship ERP,CRM,SCM CRM customer relationship management in recent years, rapid development of SCM supply chain management, but management needs of manufacturing companies to see, ERP,CRM,SCM has many functions are overlapping. For example: in the ERP sales and distribution management, this part of the content is overlapping with CRM. But compared with the CRM it weak pre-sale and after-sale service. Already exists from a sales order in the ERP system to master production scheduling, material requirements planning, shop floor planning, purchasing and supply management throughout the supply chain planning and optimization, the content and supply chain management SCM is also repeated. Although emphasized in some SCM system based on application of theory of constraints APS advanced planning and scheduling system, but none of the regulations is not without APS SCM. So authors argue ERP,CRM,SCM must be selected in the manufacturing enterprise integration systems, not selected products from different vendors to do integration. First, to pay a lot of redundant feature is not cost-effective. 

                Secondly, the products of different vendors integrate easier said than done. But CRM,SCM in non-manufacturing industry is completely different. CRM the best enterprise is a Bank, insurance, telecommunications industry, they do not need to ERP, they can be run independent of CRM. SCM best large retail industry, as the world's most famous Wal-Mart, it was the most successful supply chain management.

                Wal-Mart a star in the sky, underground NET, one-stop delivery, from the science of saving a large number of procurement in the supply chain management costs, enhance the competitiveness of the enterprise, as the world retail giants. To sum up, manufacturing information must not be dazzling name fool you, select product is the best product for enterprise requirements. As an important instrument of management Informationization of manufacturing industry ERP not outdated, but ERP to the times. ERP is tailored for manufacturing, ERP or ERPII does not exist for all industries. ERP,CRM,SCM is an integrated system in manufacturing enterprise, rather than using systems from different vendors to integrate.

                 

                 

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